Perlis is the smallest state in Malaysia. The state is famous for its serene unspoilt beauty, rustic rural scenes and verdant paddy fields. The expanse of verdant paddy fields makes the landscape appear like a huge canvas of brilliant green or gold, depending on the season.
Perlis was originally a part of the older kingdom of Kedah, which was
conquered by Thailand in 1821. After restoration of the Sultan of Kedah
to his throne in 1842, the Thais established Perlis as a vassal state.
In 1909 the Thais transferred suzerainty of Perlis from Thailand to
Britain. Perlis came under Japanese occupation in 1941 during Second
World War. Once the Japanese withdrew from Malaya, Perlis was placed
under the British Military Administration.
In October 1945, the British laid out the plans for Malayan Union.
Under the scheme, Pulau Pinang, Melaka and nine other Malay states were
to be united under the Malayan Union. Malays opposition to the British
plans to form the Malayan Union catalysed the movement for Independence.
The Malay Federation was founded on 1 February 1948 and on 31 August
1957, Malaya achieved Independence.
Perlis has a tropical monsoon climate and the temperature is uniform in
the range of 21 degrees C to 32 degrees C, while the weather is
generally dry and warm with humidity in the lowlands ranging from 82% to
86%. The state's average annual rainfall is around 2500 mm with the
wettest months being from May to December.
Best Time to Visit
Though you can visit Perlis all round the year, but it is better to
avoid visiting Perlis during the wettest months i.e. from May to
Tourist Attractions/Places to See
Gua Kelam (Dark Caves): Located about 26 km from Kangar, the Gua
Kelam traverse approximately 37 meters of limestone hills from Kaki
Bukit on the Malaysian border to Wang Kelian near the Thai border. The
caves were at one time used as a trading route between the locals and
Padang Besar: Padang Besar, is a border market on the
Malaysia-Thailand border. It is a shopper's haunt for Malaysians seeking
good bargains. Electrical items, leather goods and clothes are some of
the favorite buys here.
Kuala Perlis: Located at the estuarine delta of the Sungai
Perlis, Kuala Perlis is noted for its excellent laksa, a dish of rice
noodles dipped in spiced fish-soup with sliced onions and cucumber. It
is also the entry and exit point to Phuket Island and other coastal
towns and villages of Southern Thailand, as well as to Pulau Langkawi.
Arau: Arau is a royal town, located 10 km south of Kangar, is
home to the Istana Di-Raja (Royal Palace) and the Masjid Negeri (State
Tasik Melati: Tasik Melati is a small but picturesque lake
located in a lowland area about 8 km north of Kangar. More than 150
sandbar-islands may be seen all over the lake. Sampans can be rowed to
these tiny islands. Elevated walkways extend out over the waters,
providing hypnotic prospects out across the lake.
Gunung Medan: Gunung Medan, situated 6 km south of Kangar, is a
scenic 300-feet-high limestone outcrop. It is accessible by car on a
winding road or on foot by stairways and walkways climbing up to the
Snake Farm: The Snake Farm is primarily used as a research
facility to test and develop serums for the treatment of venomous snake
bites. A large collection of snakes can be viewed here.
Padang Besar and Bukit Kayu Hitam, the border towns are famous for
their economical bargains. Padang Besar is a good market for leather
goods, garments and household items. These are cheaply manufactured in
Thailand and sold in town. Bukit Kayu Hitam is known for its duty-free
How to Reach Perlis
By Air: Perlis has no airport of its own. The nearest airport is
Alor Setar airport in Kedah. From there cab takes about 45 minutes to
By Road: Buses to Perlis are available from all the major towns of Malaysia.